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Here are the standard and benchmarks for High School Biology.


1st Quarter Ecosystems

Strand
Life and Environmental Sciences
Standard 3: Life and Environmental Sciences: ORGANISMS AND THE ENVIRONMENT: Understand the unity, diversity, and interrelationships of organisms, including their relationship to cycles of matter and energy in the environment
Topic
Cycles of Matter and Energy
Benchmark SC.BS.3.3
Explain how matter and energy flow through living systems and the physical environment
Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Describes and illustrates the path of energy and matter through living systems and the physical environment (e.g. food chains, food webs, trophic levels, biomass).
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice
Diagram and explain the flow of matter and energy through living systems and the physical environment. Compare different energy pathways
Explain how matter and energy flow through living systems and the physical environment
Describe how matter or how energy flows through living systems or through the physical environment
Recall that matter and energy flow through living systems and the physical environment
Topic
Interdependence
Benchmark SC.BS.3.4
Explain dynamic equilibrium in organisms, populations, and ecosystems; explain the effect of equilibrium shifts
Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Describes dynamic equilibrium in an organism, population, and ecosystem, including how a fluctuating state of approximate equilibrium is maintained (e.g., homeostatic mechanisms; growth of a population held in check by environmental factors such as depletion of food or nesting sites, predators, or parasites) and explains what happens if the equilibrium shifts (e.g., due to climate changes, immigration, emigration, birth and death rates).
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice
Explain and give examples of dynamic equilibrium in organisms, populations, and ecosystems; and compare the effect of equilibrium shifts
Explain dynamic equilibrium in organisms, populations, and ecosystems; and explain the effect of equilibrium shifts
Describe dynamic equilibrium in organisms, populations, and ecosystems or describe the effect of equilibrium shifts
Define dynamic equilibrium in organisms, populations, and ecosystems
Topic
Cells, Tissues, Organs, and Organ Systems
Benchmark SC.BS.4.4
Describe how homeostatic balance occurs in cells and organisms
Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Explains how a specific system responds to or compensates for a change in physiological or environmental conditions (e.g., cell, tissue, organ, organ system; osmosis and diffusion).
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice
Explain how one homeostatic process affects another in maintaining balance in cells and organisms
Describe how homeostatic balance occurs in cells and organisms
Give examples that homeostatic balance occurs in cells or in organisms
Define homeostatic balance in cells and organisms
1Q Big Idea(s) / Major Understanding(s):
Students will understand that…
Organisms are dependent on one another and their environment.
Matter and energy cycle through organisms and the environment

2nd Quarter Organisms
Strand
Life and Environmental Sciences
Standard 4: Life and Environmental Sciences: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION IN ORGANISMS: Understand the structures and functions of living organisms and how organisms can be compared scientifically
Topic
Cells, Tissues, Organs, and Organ Systems
Benchmark SC.BS.4.1
Describe different cell parts and their functions
Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Describes the parts of a cell (e.g., cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, cell organelles such as the nucleus, chloroplast, mitochondrion, Golgi apparatus, flagella) and explains the functions of each part (e.g., transport of materials, storage of genetic information, photosynthesis and respiration, synthesis of new molecules, locomotion).
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice
Explain the relationship among specific cell parts in key cellular processes
Describe different cell parts and their functions
Identify some of the cell parts and their functions
Recall that cells contain parts that serve different functions
Topic
Cells, Tissues, Organs, and Organ Systems
Benchmark SC.BS.4.2
Explain how cells are specialized into different tissues and organs
Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Describes how cell structure and function are specific to tissues and organs (e.g., blood cells carry oxygen, muscle cells contract, liver cells detoxify poisons).
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice
Compare and explain how cells are specialized into different tissues and organs based on function
Explain how cells are specialized into different tissues and organs
Describe cells that are specialized into different tissues and organs
Recall that cells are specialized into different tissues and organs
Topic
Cells, Tissues, Organs, and Organ Systems
Benchmark SC.BS.4.3
Differentiate between the processes of mitosis and meiosis
Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Compares the processes of mitosis and meiosis.
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice
Compare the differences between mitosis and meiosis and their role in reproduction
Differentiate between the processes of mitosis and meiosis
Describe the processes of mitosis and of meiosis
Recall that mitosis and meiosis have different processes
Topic
Cells, Tissues, Organs, and Organ Systems
Benchmark SC.BS.4.4
Describe how homeostatic balance occurs in cells and organisms
Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Explains how a specific system responds to or compensates for a change in physiological or environmental conditions (e.g., cell, tissue, organ, organ system; osmosis and diffusion).
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice
Explain how one homeostatic process affects another in maintaining balance in cells and organisms
Describe how homeostatic balance occurs in cells and organisms
Give examples that homeostatic balance occurs in cells or in organisms
Define homeostatic balance in cells and organisms
Topic
Cells, Tissues, Organs, and Organ Systems
Benchmark SC.BS.4.5
Describe the components and functions of a variety of macromolecules active in biological systems
Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Identifies the building blocks and explains the functions of a variety of macromolecules active in biological systems (i.e., carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids, and proteins).
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice
Explain how macromolecules interact in biological systems
Describe the functions and components of a variety of macromolecules active in biological systems
Identify the components of macromolecules and some of the functions of the macromolecules active in biological systems
Recall that macromolecules are composed of smaller components and serve a specific function in biological systems
2Q Big Idea(s) / Major Understanding(s):
Students will understand that…
Cells are the basic structural and functional units of life.
3rd Quarter Heredity

Topic
Unity and Diversity
Benchmark SC.BS.5.3
Explain the structural properties of DNA and the role of DNA in heredity and protein synthesis
Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Diagrams and explains the role of DNA in heredity and protein synthesis (e.g., DNA replication, translation, transcription, mRNA, codons).
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice
Explain how changes in the structure of DNA can lead to changes in proteins and inherited traits
Explain the structural properties of DNA and the role of DNA in protein synthesis and heredity
Describe the structural properties of DNA and the role of DNA in heredity
Recall the structural properties of DNA and that DNA is involved in heredity

Topic
Unity and Diversity
Benchmark SC.BS.5.4
Explain how Mendel's laws of heredity can be used to determine the traits of possible offspring
Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Describes the various gene combinations of two parents to determine the genotype and phenotype of possible offspring using Mendel's laws.
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice
Explain Mendel's laws of segregation and independent assortment and use them to predict the genotype and phenotype of possible offspring
Explain the genotype and phenotype of possible offspring using Mendel's laws of segregation and independent assortment
Describe that genes are passed to offspring according to Mendel's laws of heredity
Recognize that Mendel's laws demonstrate heredity
Topic
Unity and Diversity
Benchmark SC.BS.5.5
Explain chromosomal mutations, their possible causes, and their effects on genetic variation


Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Describes a human chromosomal disorder, its causes, and its effects on genetic variation (e.g., sickle cell anemia, Down Syndrome, Cystic Fibrosis).
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice

Explain chromosomal mutations, possible causes, and their effect on genetic variation
Describe chromosomal mutations and some of the possible causes and effects on genetic variation
Recognize that chromosomal mutations occur
3Q Big Idea(s) / Major Understanding(s):
Students will understand that…
The DNA molecule determines structure and function of cells.
Offspring receive genetic information (DNA) from their parents.
Chromosomal mutations may lead to genetic variation

4th Quarter Evolution Why don’t some antibiotics work anymore?

Topic
Classification
Benchmark SC.BS.4.6
Explain the organization of life on Earth using the modern classification system
Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Classifies a variety of organisms using the modern classification system and explains the evidence that supports the system's organization (e.g., structural similarities, the fossil records, genetic relationships among organisms).
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice
Decide how to classify organisms that do not easily fit into the modern classification system
Explain the evidence supporting the modern classification system and use this to classify various organisms
Identify the levels used in the modern classification system
Recall that organisms can be classified using the modern classification system
Strand
Life and Environmental Sciences
Standard 5: Life and Environmental Sciences: DIVERSITY, GENETICS, AND EVOLUTION: Understand genetics and biological evolution and their impact on the unity and diversity of organisms
Topic
Biological Evolution
Benchmark SC.BS.5.1
Explain the theory of evolution and describe evidence that supports this theory
Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Explains that the Earth's present day life forms have evolved from earlier distinctly different species and describes molecular and anatomical evidences (e.g., DNA, protein sequence analysis, comparative embryology, fossil records) that support the theory of evolution.
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice
Explain the evolution of a present day organism based on molecular and anatomical evidence
Explain the theory of evolution and describe the evidence that supports it
Define the theory of evolution and name the evidence that supports it
Recognize the theory of evolution
Topic
Biological Evolution
Benchmark SC.BS.5.2
Explain the theory of natural selection
Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Describes the theory of natural selection and gives examples of how it accounts for the diversity and unity of past and present life forms (e.g., Darwin's finches, snails, Nene, lobelia, silverswords, honeycreepers).
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice
Use the theory of natural selection to analyze the differences between related organisms
Explain the theory of natural selection and cite specific examples
Define the theory of natural selection
Recognize the theory of natural selection
Topic
Interdependence
Benchmark SC.BS.3.4
Explain dynamic equilibrium in organisms, populations, and ecosystems; explain the effect of equilibrium shifts
Sample Performance Assessment (SPA)
The student: Describes dynamic equilibrium in an organism, population, and ecosystem, including how a fluctuating state of approximate equilibrium is maintained (e.g., homeostatic mechanisms; growth of a population held in check by environmental factors such as depletion of food or nesting sites, predators, or parasites) and explains what happens if the equilibrium shifts (e.g., due to climate changes, immigration, emigration, birth and death rates).
Rubric
Advanced
Proficient
Partially Proficient
Novice
Explain and give examples of dynamic equilibrium in organisms, populations, and ecosystems; and compare the effect of equilibrium shifts
Explain dynamic equilibrium in organisms, populations, and ecosystems; and explain the effect of equilibrium shifts
Describe dynamic equilibrium in organisms, populations, and ecosystems or describe the effect of equilibrium shifts
Define dynamic equilibrium in organisms, populations, and ecosystems
4Q Big Idea(s) / Major Understanding(s):
Students will understand that…
Evolution and natural selection lead to organisms changing over time.
Modern classification system groups organisms according to their degree of relatedness